Sausage 101: Understanding Types and Their Preparation

Meatguy Steakhouse by   Bisma chef July 11, 2023

Sausages have been a staple food item across cultures for centuries, due to their ability to preserve meat and also for their delicious, hearty flavours.

Sausage 101: Understanding Types and Their Preparation

Welcome to the remarkable and diverse universe of sausages, where a single name encompasses a multitude of tastes, textures, and cooking methods. 

In this journey, we will delve into the world of sausages, exploring their various types and how they are prepared. So, whether you are a seasoned gourmand or a curious food enthusiast, strap in for an exciting culinary adventure.

What Are The Different Kinds Of Sausages?

Sausages come in a vast array of types and flavors, influenced by regional ingredients and traditional cooking methods. Though it's nearly impossible to cover every single variety, we can categorize them into three main types: fresh, smoked, and cooked sausages.

1. Fresh Sausages

Fresh sausages, as the name suggests, are made from fresh meat and must be cooked before consumption. They can be found in many forms and flavors across the world.

Example: Merguez, a North African fresh sausage made from beef or lamb, and a blend of spicy cumin and chili pepper. Its robust flavor and delicate texture have made it a popular choice for barbecue enthusiasts.

2. Smoked Sausages

Smoked sausages are prepared by smoking the meat either before or after grinding and stuffing it into casings. The smoking process imparts a distinct flavor to the sausages and also helps in preserving them.

Example: Kielbasa, a traditional Polish sausage that's typically made of beef, is a smoked sausage known for its hearty flavor and slightly coarse texture. It's a staple in Polish cuisine, enjoyed in everything from soups to grilled dishes.

3. Cooked Sausages

Cooked sausages are made by cooking the sausage meat, either by boiling or baking, before it's stuffed into the casings. These sausages are usually safe to eat without additional cooking, although they're often heated for flavor.

Example: Bockwurst, a German-cooked sausage made primarily from veal, beef, and spices such as white pepper, paprika, and chives. Bockwurst is traditionally served with bock beer, especially during the Bavarian Bockbier season.

From spicy to savory, smoked to fresh, sausages provide a delightful journey of tastes and aromas. Now that we've whetted your appetite with these global favorites, let's dive into the preparation process that transforms simple meat into these beloved culinary delights.

Read more: Sirloin Steak: A Lean and Flavorful Option for Meat Lovers

How Are Sausages Prepared?

Creating a sausage is a harmonious combination of art and science. It requires selecting the perfect meat, meticulously processing it, adding the right balance of seasonings, and executing precise cooking methods. Here, we will discuss the general steps involved in the preparation of sausages.

1. Selection of Meat

The initial stage in sausage preparation involves choosing the right kind of meat. This could be beef, chicken, lamb, or even a mixture of these. The meat's fat content plays a crucial role in determining the sausage's flavor and texture, typically ranging from 20% to 30% for most sausage recipes.

2. Grinding the Meat

After selection, the meat is minced or ground. This process breaks the meat down into smaller pieces that can be easily mixed with spices and stuffed into casings. The texture of the grind varies based on the type of sausage being made, ranging from coarse to fine.

3. Adding Flavorings

This is the step where creativity comes into play. The ground meat is mixed with an array of seasonings, spices, and herbs. From simple salt and pepper to exotic spices like smoked paprika or fennel seeds, the sky's the limit when it comes to flavoring sausages.

4. Stuffing into Casings

Once the meat mixture is seasoned to perfection, it's time to stuff it into casings. Casings can be natural (made from the intestines of animals) or synthetic. A sausage stuffer is used to pipe the meat mixture into these casings, ensuring a uniform shape and size.

5. Cooking Process

The final stage in sausage preparation is the cooking process, which varies based on the type of sausage being prepared. Fresh sausages require thorough cooking before they can be eaten, typically grilled or pan-fried to a minimum internal temperature of 71 degrees Celsius. 

Smoked sausages, on the other hand, are cold or hot smoked, which imbues them with a distinctive smoky flavor. Cooked sausages are either boiled or baked before being stuffed into the casings and are typically safe to eat as is, although they can also be heated up for additional flavor.

The preparation of sausages is an art that has been honed over centuries. This process, while seemingly simple, requires precision and a deep understanding of flavors and techniques. 

Despite the myriad steps and ingredients involved, the end result – a juicy, flavorful sausage – is a testament to the culinary magic that transforms simple ingredients into delicious creations.

Read more: Understanding Steak Cuts and Grades, Steak Variations

The Best Types of Sausages

Sausages are as diverse as the cultures they originate from, each with unique flavors and characteristics. Identifying the 'best' types of sausages can be subjective and often depends on personal taste and preference. However, certain types stand out due to their distinct flavors, gourmet qualities, and popularity. Here are some of the finest types of sausages that you must try:

1. Beef Sausages

Considered a classic, beef sausages are universally popular. Their robust flavor profile makes them perfect for grilling, and they pair wonderfully with a range of accompaniments. At Meatguy Steakhouse, our beef sausages are made from 100% prime cuts of beef, ensuring a rich and satisfying taste.

2. Chicken Sausages

Lighter than their beef counterparts, chicken sausages are known for their versatility. They can be subtly seasoned to let the flavor of the chicken shine or infused with a variety of spices for an adventurous palate. Our Chicken Apple Sausages are a customer favorite at Meatguy Steakhouse, offering a unique blend of savory chicken and sweet apples.

Most Popular Types of Sausage

While sausages from around the globe exhibit a delightful range of flavors and textures, let's zoom in on a few regional specialties:

1. Lamb Merguez

Originating from North Africa, Merguez is a spicy sausage made with lamb. It is characterized by its deep red color and robust flavor, primarily from the generous use of harissa and other North African spices. This sausage type is a testament to the blend of culinary traditions and flavors.

2. Chorizo

A Spanish classic, chorizo is made from ground beef or chicken and seasoned with a range of spices, with smoked paprika being the star. The smoky, spicy, and slightly tangy flavor of chorizo makes it stand out. You can find it starring in our Chorizo Tacos, where its vibrant flavor shines.

3. Frankfurter

A famous German sausage, the Frankfurter is a cooked sausage that is usually made from beef. Its smooth texture and mild flavor make it a hit among children and adults alike. It's an essential part of our "Classic Hot Dog" offering, and it's always a crowd-pleaser.

4. Bratwurst

Another German delicacy, Bratwurst is a type of fresh sausage that is typically made from beef, chicken, or lamb. The sausages are seasoned with a mix of spices that might include caraway, nutmeg, and coriander, resulting in a savory and slightly spicy flavor profile.

5. Salami

Hailing from Italy, salami is a type of cured, fermented, and air-dried sausage. It's typically made from beef or veal and is known for its rich, savory flavor.

6. Bangers

This is a traditional British fresh sausage usually made from beef or chicken. Bangers got their nickname from the tendency of the sausages to burst or "bang" in the pan if not cooked carefully.


The world of sausages is wide and diverse, offering a multitude of flavors and textures that cater to different palates and occasions. From the robust flavors of the Chorizo and Merguez to the milder and subtler tastes of Chicken and Beef sausages, there's a sausage to suit every taste.

Read more: T-Bone Steak: How to Cook and Serve this Iconic Cut of Beef

At Meatguy Steakhouse, we're proud to bring you a selection of some of the finest sausages from around the globe, crafted with the best-quality meats and the perfect blend of spices. 

So, whether you're a seasoned sausage connoisseur or just starting your culinary journey, we invite you to join us and explore the delicious world of sausages. Remember, the world of sausages is as expansive as your palate allows it to be. So, why wait? Come explore and savor the variety at Meatguy Steakhouse. Happy eating!

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